Frank died aged 15 in a concentration camp, but her posthumously published diary made her a symbol of all Jews killed in World War II.
She wrote while hiding from the Nazis in a secret apartment above a warehouse in Amsterdam.
Until now her writings have been kept by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation and facsimiles have been used in displays at the museum, which encompasses the apartment.
Dutch education minister Ronald Plasterk said Thursday while overseeing the transfer that it was important for history that the diaries be displayed where they were written.
Copyright 2009 The Associated Press.