NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — The U.N. declared three new regions in Somalia famine zones on Wednesday, expanding the area where the highest rates of malnutrition and mortality are taking place, including the refugee camps in the capital of Mogadishu.
The U.N.'s food arm said that famine is likely to spread across all regions of Somalia's south in the next four to six weeks. Famine conditions are likely to persist until December, the Food and Agriculture Organization said.
Across Somalia, 3.7 million people are in crisis, the U.N. says, out of a population of 7.5 million. The U.N. says 3.2 million are in need of immediate, lifesaving assistance.
About 450,000 people live in Somalia's famine zones, said Grainne Moloney, chief technical adviser for the U.N.'s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit at FAO-Somalia.
The U.N. said the prevalence of acute malnutrition and rates of crude mortality surpassed the famine thresholds in areas of Middle Shabelle, the Afgoye corridor refugee settlement and internally displaced communities in Mogadishu. The U.N. last month said two other regions in Somalia were suffering from famine.
Somalia is suffering its worst drought in 60 years. Getting aid to the country has been difficult because al-Qaeda-linked militants control much of the country's most desperate areas.
"Despite increased attention in recent weeks, current humanitarian response remains inadequate, due in part to ongoing access restrictions and difficulties in scaling up emergency assistance programs, as well as funding gaps," the U.N.'s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit said.
Earlier on Wednesday, an official with the African Union said a donor conference to raise money for Somalia famine victims has been postponed for at least two weeks. A conference had been scheduled for next Tuesday to bring together African leaders and international organizations to address the drought crisis.
But Valerie Vencatachellum, a senior policy adviser at the Ethiopia-based African Union, said Wednesday that next week's conference was not scheduled with enough advance notice. Vencatachellum said it would be delayed at least two weeks so heads of state can attend.
The Horn of Africa is suffering a devastating drought that has been compounded by conflict in Somalia, bad governance and spiraling food prices. Tens of thousands of people have already died, and tens of thousands more have fled Somalia in hopes of finding food aid at refugee camps in Kenya and Ethiopia.
Associated Press writer Luc Van Kemenade in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia contributed to this report.
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